Know Knee Pain Better

Knee pain is a condition that may affect anybody regardless of their age. It can be caused by an injury, like torn cartilage or ruptured ligament. Certain medication conditions, like infections, gout, and arthritis, could result in knee pain as well.

The minor forms can be taken care of by following certain self-care techniques. Knee braces and physical therapy can be useful. In some rare cases, a surgical procedure may also be required.

The severity and location of the pain may greatly vary depending on the root cause of the issue. Some of the commonly observed symptoms include:
  • Crunching or popping noises
  • Stiffness and swelling
  • Unable to straighten your knee
  • Instability or weakness
  • Warmth or redness
The causes are greatly varied when it comes to knee pain. Some of the common causes include:
  • Fractures
  • ACL injury
  • Patellar tendinitis
  • Knee bursitis
  • Torn meniscus
  • Foot or hip pain
  • Dislocated kneecap
  • Iliotibial band syndrome
  • Loose body
  • Septic arthritis
  • Gout
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Pseudogout
  • Osteoarthritis
There are several types of knee treatment methods available. Some of them are described below:
  • Medications: Your doctor may prescribe medications in order to help reduce the discomfort and pain. Sometimes, medication can be given to treat the underlying issue causing the problem, like gout or arthritis.
  • Therapy: Therapy helps in strengthening the muscles that surround your knee. It helps in keeping the area more stable. Try out exercises that may help improve your overall balance. Follow the instructions of your physiotherapist judiciously.
  • Injections: At certain cases, you may have to be injected with medications or other similar substances at the pain site. Some of the common ones include:
  • Corticosteroids
  • Platelet-rick plasma (PRP)
  • Hyaluronic acid
  • Surgery: Sometimes you may have to opt for a surgery to improve the condition. It is not necessary for you to undergo the procedure immediately. Try to weigh the pros and cons and then come up with a definite decision. Some of the common surgical methods opted are:
  • Total knee replacement
  • Partial knee replacement surgery
  • Arthroscopic surgery
Risk Factors

There may be several factors contributing to the knee related issues and knee pain. Some of them are:
  • Previous injury: If you have a previous injury in the knee area, there are chances of injuring that area again.
  • Certain sports: certain types of sports exert more pressure on the knees.
  • Lack of muscle strength and flexibility: Having weak or tight muscles could put more stress to your joint.
  • Excess weight: Being obese or overweight could add more pressure to the knee area while carrying out everyday activities.
You can follow certain types of knee pain prevention at home.
  • Maintain lower-body strength and fitness
  • Wear appropriate shoes when playing sports
  • Keep your body weight healthy
  • Do not over train in your sport
  • Treat any underlying condition that may result in knee pain
Follow these tips and steer away from knee pain.


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